How to choose the right toothpaste?

How to choose the right toothpaste?

How to choose the right toothpaste?
How to choose the right toothpaste?
How often do we get annoyed by television advertising? And if very common goods are advertised, which we all know very well? But the question is whether we have enough knowledge about seemingly simple and habitual subjects of advertising, for example, about toothpaste. What does an average person know about toothpaste?

Of course, everyone knows that toothpaste should be used daily, twice a day. But does everyone do it? And how many people buy toothpaste, focusing only on price, unreasonably believing that there is no particular difference between toothpaste?

However, there is a difference, and this difference is very significant, so an incorrectly chosen toothpaste can cause very serious damage to the teeth. Conversely, properly selected toothpaste can solve many problems with the health of teeth and the entire oral cavity.


Why is it important to keep your teeth healthy?


Healthy teeth are an indispensable condition for an impeccable appearance and good health for the whole body, as it is well known that the health and appearance are very closely related.

The purpose of the teeth in the human body is to chew (that is, grind) the food, which then enters the gastrointestinal tract for further digestion, and the quality of the gastrointestinal tract depends largely on the quality of the chewing. In addition, it is well known that the digestive processes begin already in the oral cavity under the influence of certain enzymes that are contained in saliva.

However, for optimum saliva results, well-ground food should be wetted. So it turns out that healthy and strong teeth provide good chewing, from which good digestion begins, and even the role of digestion for the health of all systems and organs of the body cannot even be said since it is in the gastrointestinal tract that many vital processes occur.

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Important healthy and beautiful teeth and for the emotional state: a person who feels impeccable, more confident in himself and is capable of more decisive actions, he is more sociable, more open and more positive, which often has more than decisive significance.

By the way, another nuance: from healthy digestion, which, in turn, largely depends on the health of the teeth, depends not only the condition of the internal organs but also the state of our "window", that is, the condition of the skin, hair, nails.

In addition, who has ever had a toothache, he knows for sure that a timely visit to the dentist and proper dental care is not at all fiction of television advertising or attempts by dentists to increase the circle of their clientele. Frequent visits to the dental office are facilitated by modern refined products, which often feed modern people, and improper or inadequate care of teeth and behind the mouth.

Proper care of the mouth and teeth is a must; besides, it will save a lot of money for dental services, as well as for the treatment of many organs and body systems, including hair and nails, which is not so effective for unhealthy teeth. And it should be well understood that the right care for teeth begins with the right choice of toothpaste.

So it turns out that the desire for health and the desire for beauty lead to the need to ensure the health of the teeth, which, in turn, leads to the idea of the importance of toothpaste.


What is toothpaste?


The times when our far ancestors tried to use those wands, ashes, or even the crushed precious stones as a toothpaste, were in the distant past. But today presents to the toothpaste all the same requirements and puts all the same tasks - toothpaste should ensure the cleanliness and health of the teeth.

Modern toothpaste should clean the surface of the teeth and the surface of the gums; remove food and plaque from the interdental spaces and tongue; To render on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity and on the hard tissues of the teeth the necessary therapeutic and prophylactic effect.

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Today, the consumer has the opportunity of a considerable selection of kinds of toothpaste, which, when applied, can have completely different effects.

Attention! The therapeutic or prophylactic effect of any toothpaste should be indicated on the package. Any effect of toothpaste depends on its constituents. 

What is a modern toothpaste? Any toothpaste is a very complex of different components, among which there are necessarily abrasive and foaming agents, moisturizing and binding agents, surface active elements, therapeutic and preventive components, flavoring agents, water and preservatives, thanks to which the toothpaste can be stored.

If we consider toothpaste in terms of its physical composition, then each toothpaste is a suspension, the dispersed phase in which is represented by abrasive substances,  and other excipients that are not capable of dissolving in a dispersed medium.

The dispersion medium, in this case, is a gel, which includes many components, among which a significant place is occupied by surface active agents, as well as biologically active substances. The role of the dispersed phase is to provide mechanical and chemical treatment of the tooth surface. The task of a disperse medium is to provide transportation and delivery of active additives to hard dental tissues and to the oral mucosa.

How much each component should be in the toothpaste depends on what properties a particular toothpaste should have, what it is intended for, what the mechanism of its action and its effectiveness are supposed to be.


Features of different types of toothpaste


Kinds of toothpaste differ among themselves not only with the name and appearance of the package.

The main difference between kinds of toothpaste is their purpose. To date, there are hygienic toothpaste, therapeutic and preventive toothpaste (for permanent daily use and for a course of treatment), professional toothpaste and medical toothpaste.

Hygienic toothpaste can be approached only by those who have a completely problem-free oral cavity, where the teeth and gums are in perfect order since these pastes are intended only for cleaning the surface of the teeth and for refreshing the oral cavity. There are no additional functions for these pastes and they do not perform any additional tasks.

Today, simply hygienic toothpaste is produced mainly for children since almost all adults are forced to fight with some or other problems of the oral cavity.

Therapeutic and prophylactic toothpaste have a much more complex composition than hygienic pastes and contain substances that are necessary for the full prevention of dental problems, as well as for the treatment of dental diseases.

It is known that therapeutic and prophylactic toothpaste are daily (for daily use) and so-called courseware.

In the composition of therapeutic and prophylactic toothpaste intended for use every day, there should not be very active or aggressive antibacterial components, including the known triclosan, and there should be no bleaching substances with high activity (for example, to such substances refers to carbamide peroxide

The abrasiveness index of therapeutic and prophylactic toothpaste should not exceed 100 units on the RDA scale. It is very important that the composition of therapeutic and prophylactic toothpaste for each day included extracts of medicinal plants that have antibacterial properties.

With regard to curative and preventive toothpaste intended for use by a particular course, it is very important not to neglect this indication and not to apply such pastes constantly.

In the composition of curative and prophylactic courseware pastes, there can be quite aggressive antibacterial components, which, with prolonged exposure, can cause dysbacteriosis of the oral cavity. Among the aggressive antibacterial components are especially known triclosan, chlorhexidine, hexetidine, which are categorically not suitable for permanent use, and are prescribed only by courses to combat a particular problem.

Also for permanent use are not suitable course curative and preventive toothpaste, in which the RDA abrasiveness index exceeds one hundred units, because the constant use of such toothpaste causes the destruction of tooth enamel and provokes increased sensitivity of teeth.

Attention! Treatment-and-prophylactic toothpaste for course use should be prescribed by a dentist, accurately determining the duration of the course and monitoring its results.

Professional toothpaste, as their name suggests, are only for professional use, that is, only a dentist can use such pastes to achieve specific goals in the treatment or oral hygiene procedures, for example, when polishing teeth after some dental manipulation or when carrying out professional cleaning of teeth, in which special pastes and special equipment are used.

Professional teeth are cleaned according to the indications no more often than every six months, but more often this procedure is even less often.

With regard to medical toothpaste, it can only be said that such pastes go through all the licensing and registration procedures and must be given the necessary license for use before selling since they are related to medicines.

Any medical toothpaste should be prescribed only by a doctor who must observe the course of treatment. The duration of the necessary course of treatment with medical toothpaste is determined only by a dentist.

Attention! Like any medicine, medical toothpaste has certain contraindications, which must be taken into account.


The most important components of toothpaste


Any toothpaste, regardless of the intended use, must meet several requirements.

  • First, any toothpaste should be completely harmless to health (of course, only if it is correctly applied, which is especially true for course curative and preventive pastes and medical pastes).
  • Secondly, the toothpaste in no case should not have the slightest irritating effect, especially on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity.
  • Thirdly, the toothpaste should have a non-irritating smell (of course, the smell can be considered a matter of preferences, but in this area, there are certain norms and indicators).
  • In addition, the toothpaste should have certain properties that will allow it to be stored in the open for a fairly long time, taking into account both high humidity and the possibility of temperature changes in the bathroom.


To ensure all the necessary qualities, different components are used in the manufacture of modern toothpaste.

A mandatory component of any toothpaste is water, which is used as a dispersion medium. That is, it is in the water that all the components (more precisely, their smallest particles) that enter the toothpaste are placed, and it is water that binds all the components into the substance that the consumer receives as a result.

It is absolutely indisputable that the quality of water used in the manufacture of toothpaste is of the utmost importance - water should not have absolutely no physical or chemical impurities. This is why only distilled water is used to make toothpaste.

Another obligatory component of any toothpaste is abrasive substances, which, as part of the paste, have several functions. First, it is the abrasive substances that make it possible to clean the surface of the tooth from any deposits and polish the tooth surface. Secondly, it is these substances that become fillers that provide a viscous consistency of the toothpaste.

The toothpaste for different purposes includes different abrasives: toothpaste for children contain only soft abrasive substances, as the tooth enamel of children's teeth is also very soft. Toothpaste intended for adolescents whose teeth have already changed to permanent ones and pastes for adults contain substances with medium abrasive ability.

In the production of modern toothpaste, so-called binding gelling agents are needed that are capable of providing a uniform consistency of toothpaste - it is very important that all substances in the toothpaste are evenly distributed and that there is no lump in the toothpaste: homogeneity for the dental paste can be one of the most important characteristics.

One of the mandatory components of toothpaste is detergents, that is, foaming agents. As the name suggests, detergents are needed to form a foam that should appear every time you use toothpaste. Foam is needed to ensure that the components (components) of the toothpaste during the procedure for cleaning teeth distributed on the tooth surface evenly.

Very important in the toothpaste so-called moisturizing substances, thanks to which the toothpaste can retain plasticity and do not dry out for a long time even with the printed package. Also, these substances provide thixotropy of the toothpaste, that is, the ability to become less viscous with mechanical action (the toothpaste becomes more liquid when it is rubbed with a toothbrush).

Certainly, very important in the composition of toothpaste and buffer substances, or buffer substances, because they provide the maintenance of the proper acid-base balance (pH) of the toothpaste.

A certain smell of toothpaste is provided by the use of perfume in the recipe - natural ingredients such as vanillin, menthol or various essential oils, or synthetic flavorings.

As a rule, modern toothpaste is quite pleasant to taste (in any case, they can not be considered nasty). To ensure a pleasant (or acceptable) taste effect, most often in the production of toothpaste are different flavors, and most often these are sugar substitutes.

In the production of toothpaste, it is very important to ensure the microbiological purity of the final product. To ensure the necessary microbiological purity of the finished product, that is, for the absence of any microorganisms, special antiseptic preservatives are used that perform two functions simultaneously - the antiseptic function and the preservative function.

Prophylactic and therapeutic properties of toothpaste can be provided by the presence of biologically active substances in the final product, which in each case are selected separately in accordance with the specified parameters of a particular toothpaste.

An obligatory component of modern toothpaste are enzymes - it is these substances that can destroy the plaque (organic matter), without damaging the dental tissues. Enzymes in the toothpaste make cleaning teeth more productive and quality.

An important part of the formulation of toothpaste can be considered antibacterial components that help overcome the inflammatory processes of the gums, prevent the formation of plaque, which often appears as a result of the vital activity of different microorganisms.

Often in the composition of kinds of toothpaste are introduced different mineral salts. Mineral salts in the composition of toothpaste perform many different functions, including they do not allow the formation of soft dental calculus, improve the blood circulation of the gums, dissolve the mucus accumulated in the interdental spaces, create the conditions necessary for the full mineralization of the tooth enamel.

Some toothpaste has in their composition special compounds that reduce the sensitivity of hard tissues of teeth. These kinds of toothpaste have proven themselves in many cases, including when the tooth enamel is very sensitive to temperature changes (reaction to hot and cold), with periodontal disease, and when the neck of the teeth are exposed and therefore very sensitive.


conclusions


Even in ancient Egypt, people used special means for cleaning their teeth. Of course, not one of our contemporaries will brush their teeth with a mixture of ash, sand, coal, clay, but the teeth still need care. And if you smoke? And if you love sweet? And if the body lacks the necessary micro-and macronutrients for full-fledged work, for example, fluorine?

Fortunately, choosing a toothpaste today is no problem - the choice is huge. However, it is very important not to run after each widely advertised novelty and not to hold on to years for once made a good choice. To keep the teeth healthy and the toothpaste really brings benefits, it is recommended, as every six months, to visit the dentist and consult with him on all matters of dental health, including toothpaste.
How to choose the right toothpaste? How to choose the right toothpaste? Reviewed by Hamada Abed on 4/11/2018 10:41:00 PM Rating: 5
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