What is indigestion? Diagnosis and Causes


What is indigestion? Diagnosis and causes
What is indigestion? Diagnosis and Causes 
In the old days, indigestion of the stomach was explained by a bad mood, anger, aggression and in general, all that can be called a bad character. Strictly speaking, if the stomach problems start, then the mood of anyone will go wrong. Today, indigestion is called dyspepsia, but the disease still causes people a lot of trouble.

Doctors say that the number of cases of dyspepsia is constantly growing, and explain this by changing the lifestyle and style of nutrition: the person became less mobile, the physical load was significantly reduced, and the structure of nutrition changed not in the best for the organism side.

In addition, the habit of eating fast food, insufficient amounts of fresh fruit and vegetables, alcohol abuse and smoking have a significant negative impact.

The modern view of indigestion

Indigestion doctors call dyspepsia, although in everyday life the old name is still as popular. What can be considered the cause of dyspepsia, or indigestion of the stomach?

To search for the cause of any phenomenon, you first need to find out what this phenomenon is.

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When it comes to dyspepsia, it means a violation in the body of digestive processes. And it is very important to understand - indigestion appears as a result of various violations (both functional and organic) in the work of the gastrointestinal tract. That is, under one name "dyspepsia", or "indigestion of the stomach," can mean different diseases and conditions of the gastrointestinal tract.

To suspect dyspepsia can be some symptoms, but if there are such suspicions, it is necessary to contact a gastroenterologist, so that he can assign the necessary studies and laboratory tests and prescribe the necessary adequate treatment.

Symptoms of dyspepsia (indigestion)

Many of the symptoms of dyspepsia are very similar to any other symptoms that are observed in disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.

  • Firstly, with dyspepsia, the stomach starts to ache or in the stomach, there are comfortable sensations that can hardly be called pain, but they are extremely unpleasant and can be felt and determined in different people in different ways.
  • Secondly, one of the symptoms of dyspepsia is fast saturation (satisfying hunger), when the feeling of satiety comes very quickly (even if very little food is eaten), and it is simply impossible to finish the usual portion of food.
  • Thirdly, with dyspepsia, heartburn and eructation almost always occur.
  • Fourth, one of the signs of dyspepsia is the appearance of nausea, which in some cases can cause vomiting.
  • Fifth, dyspepsia is accompanied by bloating (intestine), which is due to increased gas production in the intestine.

Any of these symptoms can appear after taking any food, after any physical exertion or completely independent of any external causes.

Causes of dyspepsia (indigestion)

For successful diagnosis and treatment of any disease, it is necessary to determine its causes. If the causes of any disease are determined correctly and in a timely manner, then treatment of such a disease or disease state becomes much easier and faster. In addition, clarification of the exact causes of the disease makes it possible to avoid them in the future and carry out the necessary preventive measures.

Dyspepsia is functional, that is, one that is caused by certain functions of the body.

  • One of the most important causes of dyspepsia is a rush while eating. Any haste when eating food leads to the fact that at first the food is badly chewed, that is, it is not sufficiently moistened with saliva. But it is known that saliva contains some digestive enzymes and that the process of digesting food begins when chewing. In addition, with the hasty use of food, gastric juice does not have enough time to stand out, so that the work of the gastrointestinal tract will be complicated.
  • No less important reason for the appearance of dyspepsia is overeating when more food arrives in the gastrointestinal tract than the body can absorb at a time.
  • They contribute to the development of dyspepsia (indigestion of the stomach) and some foods, which in many cases should be determined individually. Although from too fatty foods, from excessively salty or spicy food, from fried one should abstain from almost everyone (or at least limit such food to a minimum).
  • Symptoms of dyspepsia may appear after consuming sweet carbonated drinks that contain a lot of sugar and carbon dioxide - this combination affects the formation of gases in the intestines, which causes bloating. 
  • No less influence on the appearance of symptoms of dyspepsia is caffeine, which is contained not only in coffee, but also in other caffeinated drinks (including tea, in any cola, in energy drinks), and alcohol(both in strong alcoholic beverages and in so-called low-alcohol drinks). Both alcohol and caffeine, getting into the stomach, increase its acidity (that is, the stomach begins to produce more hydrochloric acid), irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach, can exacerbate the inflammation of the gastric mucosa, and also stimulate increased production of stress hormones.
  • One of the known causes of functional dyspepsia - eating disorders, that is, too rare or too frequent meals, too abundant food.
  • Provoke the appearance of symptoms of dyspepsia exercise immediately after eating. That is why it is not recommended to do physical labor right after meals.
  • It is known that any of the symptoms of dyspepsia or even all of the symptoms can simultaneously appear as a result of stress because the stress changes the hormonal background, which leads to many changes in the functioning of the body.
  • Another reason for the appearance of dyspepsia symptoms may be the uncontrolled use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Among other things, functional indigestion (indigestion) can be caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (Helicobacter pylori), which causes gastritis and gastric ulcer.
  • Sometimes the phenomena of dyspepsia can be provoked by the influence of natural factors, including an increase in atmospheric pressure and ambient temperature.

In addition, dyspepsia can be of an organic nature, that is, it can be associated with already existing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

  • The cause of dyspepsia can be peptic ulcer of the stomach or duodenum.
  • One of the causes of dyspepsia is gastroesophagefluenza (GERD).
  • Among the causes of dyspeptic symptoms may be pancreatitis and/or cholecystitis or cholelithiasis.
  • Dyspepsia can be triggered by such serious diseases as tumors of the gastrointestinal tract or pancreas.

Organic forms of dyspepsia (indigestion of the stomach), in addition to other symptoms, are characterized by the appearance of seasonal pain sensations with exacerbations mainly in the spring and autumn seasons, the appearance of pain in the stomach at certain times of the day (most often at night), frequent manifestations of heartburn and a very noticeable decrease in weight.

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Such organic disorders can be identified and diagnosed during diagnostic activities.

Diagnosis of dyspepsia (indigestion)

Since dyspepsia is not a separate disease but can indicate a variety of diseases, including many very serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, with constant symptoms of dyspepsia, it is necessary to conduct timely and qualitative diagnostics.

The possibilities of modern medicine allow using the laboratory clinical tests and studies with the help of special diagnostic equipment to establish qualitatively the correct diagnosis in order to start the timely necessary treatment.   

  • With the symptoms of dyspepsia, first of all, it is necessary to exclude any tumors (malignant and non-malignant) of the gastrointestinal tract. For this, a procedure called fibro-gastroduodenoscopy is performed, and a biopsy is performed.
  • In order to verify the presence or absence of pathologies of the liver, pancreas, gallbladder or thyroid gland, ultrasound (ultrasound) is performed.
  • It is also necessary to conduct a test for the presence of Helicobacter pylori (Helicobacter pylori) bacteria in the body. It is a spiraling gram-negative bacterium that causes stomach diseases (including peptic ulcer and gastritis) and duodenal ulcers.
  • Gastroesophagorefluenza disease (BBB) can be diagnosed with the help of intragastric pH-metry.
  • To establish the diagnosis of symptoms of dyspepsia requires a general blood test, which will detect the existing inflammatory processes and detect or exclude anemia.
  • Most likely, you will need to find out if there are hidden internal bleeding, and for this, you need a stool analysis.
  • Also, in order to establish an accurate diagnosis, it may be necessary to study gastroduodenal gastric motility, which will reveal motor disorders, if any.
  • Other studies and laboratory analyzes are possible, which are assigned individually in each individual case.

If the results of all studies and analyzes of the gastrointestinal tract are not identified, that is, the organic causes of dyspepsia are not established, then such dyspepsia is considered functional. However, functional dyspepsia also requires treatment.

Attention! Any dyspepsia, regardless of whether it is functional or organic, should be treated only by a qualified physician.

How to reduce the symptoms of dyspepsia (indigestion)?

Regardless of which dyspepsia is diagnosed (functional or organic), it is necessary to reduce its symptoms and alleviate the condition of the patient. To reduce the manifestations of dyspepsia can be quite simple, you should only follow certain rules.

  • You can not eat immediately after any significant physical exertion - any food is allowed no earlier than half an hour after physical exertion.
  • Any physical activity, if there is dyspepsia, can be allowed only at least one hour after eating. This rule should also be followed when dyspepsia is not observed to avoid its appearance.
  • To have supper it is better not later than three hours prior to a dream, but at the phenomena of a dyspepsia (indigestion of a stomach) to adhere to this rule, it is necessary.
  • During eating, you must thoroughly chew any food and do not rush. This will allow the food to be digested better in the stomach, as only a thorough chewing makes it possible to stand out enough of the gastric juice.
  • If the menu was fatty, then you should avoid sweet and fruit desserts.
  • With dyspepsia, any carbonated beverages, especially sweet drinks, should be avoided. Moreover, such drinks are unacceptable after a dense dinner - they can provoke bloating and flatulence.
  • If symptoms of dyspepsia are observed, it is better to avoid the use of coffee and caffeinated drinks, as they increase the acidity of the gastric juice, which adversely affects the condition of the gastric mucosa, especially with the already existing inflammatory processes.
  • If any foods cause discomfort in the stomach, then these products and dishes should be abandoned at least temporarily - until the establishment of an accurate diagnosis and the end of the treatment prescribed by the doctor.
  • With the phenomena of dyspepsia (indigestion), it is very useful to drink before meals, infusions and herbal medicinal herbs - chamomile, peppermint, sage, parsley, dandelion or burdock. If functional dyspepsia is caused by chronic stress, decoctions or infusions of lemon mint or hop cones will be helpful.
  • With functional dyspepsia, seeds of cardamom, caraway or fennel, which should be chewed after meals, often help.
  • It is very useful to add chicory or rosemary leaves to the dishes as seasonings because the bitterness that is contained in these plants contributes to the more active secretion of gastric juice (due to the hormone contained in them).
  • With any manifestations of dyspepsia (indigestion), dill and parsley, potato juice, and fresh cabbage and carrot salads, which are best seasoned with olive oil, are very useful.
  • Sometimes, with functional dyspepsia, a separate diet helps, in which proteins (meat, fish, eggs) should be consumed separately from carbohydrates (potatoes, pasta, bread).
  • To improve the work of the gastrointestinal tract, some fruits, such as pineapple or kiwi, are better at the beginning of dinner, and not for dessert.
  • Dyspepsia of any etiology (of any origin) should avoid stressful situations. The fact is that stress causes the release of adrenaline and cortisone - hormones that redistribute the bloodstream, resulting in more blood entering the muscles, and the vessels of the gastrointestinal tract receive less blood supply. This redistribution is good for physical activity, but for proper digestion, it is completely inappropriate.
  • Stressful situations can provoke aerophagia, that is, swallowing more than normal amounts of air, and this causes bloating.
  • It is necessary to refuse categorically from smoking on an empty stomach and from smoking before eating (it is better to stop smoking altogether) because the substances contained in tobacco smoke can lead to so-called acid reflux when the acid content of the stomach is thrown back into the esophagus.
  • Very well with dyspepsia, reflexology, that is, exposure to so-called biologically active points associated with the work of the gastrointestinal tract proved itself.
  • At the phenomena of dyspepsia, the adjusted daily regimen and balanced nutrition are very important.
  • The use of any alcoholic beverages should be excluded completely.
  • With dyspepsia, moderate and dosed physical activities, such as swimming, walking in the fresh air, fitness, are well recommended. When choosing the type of exercise for dyspepsia, it is necessary to consult with the doctor in charge.

Attention! Any medications for dyspepsia should be prescribed only by a doctor after a thorough and comprehensive examination and obtain the results of all necessary laboratory tests, since dyspepsia can be a symptom of many dangerous diseases, including cancer.

With any manifestations of dyspepsia, it should be remembered that functional dyspepsia, which is not associated with diseases of many organs and body systems, is a rare phenomenon, in adults, dyspepsia (indigestion) is most often associated with some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Therefore, dyspepsia should in no case be left without attention - it is necessary to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and to prescribe and carry out the necessary treatment.    


Unfortunately, many people are familiar with the phenomena of dyspepsia, that is, with indigestion. Of course, we all understand that it is not we who are to blame, but the crazy pace of modern life - there's really no time to eat or sleep; snack on the go - who is chocolate, who are the chips, who is the hamburger; We try to dull fatigue with insane amounts of coffee and constant smoking; we are nervous for any reason (and there are more than enough reasons); physical loads - reach the car or the metro; Fresh air has become so rare that it makes him dizzy ...

In fact, all of us should (no, just necessary!) Understand that everything depends on us - you can not spur yourself on coffee, nicotine, or alcohol; you can not sit in social networks until the middle of the night, and go to bed on time; in the evening you can not drink beer with friends, and go to the pool or at least to the park ...

And so for each item. And it becomes absolutely clear that our health in many ways and almost always depends on ourselves. And if you have to seek help, it's best (by the way, and most effectively) to go to an appointment with a qualified doctor.

As for dyspepsia, you should not wait until the final diagnosis is a peptic ulcer or something else no less "rainbow". Do you have indigestion? All in your hands!
What is indigestion? Diagnosis and Causes What is indigestion? Diagnosis and Causes Reviewed by Hana said on 4/13/2018 05:20:00 PM Rating: 5
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