Diabetes diet - rules and approved products

Diabetes Diet

Diabetes diet - rules and approved products
Diabetes diet - rules and approved products
The disease, which we call diabetes, was diagnosed in the 2nd century BC. The name was given to him by the Greek doctor Demetrios. From Greek, diabetes is translated as "I cross, cross." Symptoms of this disease were considered, at that time, increased loss of fluid through frequent urination, and a constant need for its replenishment.

With the development of technology and the possibility of more thorough research, it was found that diabetes has a more complex symptomatology and is characterized by a chronic course. Almost all types of metabolism are disturbed in patients. Such changes occurred against the backdrop of a shortage in the body of the so-called insulin hormone.

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In modern medicine, several types of diabetes are distinguished. The two most common are diabetes mellitus type 1 and type 2. Statistics draws a deplorable picture. Diabetes patients are becoming more and more every year. The latest figures are 347 million people. On the planet Earth, every ten seconds on the two sick with this ailment becomes more. And from diabetes-related diseases, one person dies every ten seconds. In the list of diseases that cause death, diabetes takes the 4th place.

Means of treatment of diabetes mellitus

Treatment of each patient, of course, individually and depends on the type of diabetes. The first type of diabetes, which is also called insulin-dependent, involves mandatory insulin injections.

The second type involves drugs that lower sugar. With any type of diabetes, special attention is paid to nutrition. Diet therapy can rightly be called the cornerstone in the treatment of this disease. Doctors believe that 30% of patients with diabetes mellitus can improve their condition only through a diet.

Basic dietary rules

First of all, we must try to train ourselves to eat at one time. In order not to overeat, you need to eat five times a day or even seven a day.

Products are selected with a limited amount of carbohydrates, mostly those that are easily digested. But at the same time, the diet should be balanced and sufficiently vitaminized. Attention is drawn to the individual tolerance of dietary dishes.

Diet is made taking into account the body weight of the patient. If there is excess weight, then the caloric content of the diet is reduced. The presence of concomitant diseases, if any, is necessarily taken into account.

When choosing a diet, the nature of the patient's activity is taken into account. His energy costs affect the caloric content of the diet and the more they are, the higher the calorie content.

All dietary rules for diabetes are aimed at establishing a normal level of glucose in the patient's blood. In this case, the metabolism in the body will be restored and a person will be able to fully live and work.

Restrictive part of the diet

There are foods that in case of diabetes mellitus should be excluded from their diet completely or restricted their use. Of course, this is, first of all, those that contain, so-called, easily assimilated carbohydrates. This list includes sugar and chocolate, ice cream, candies, honey, fruit juices, jujube, jams, sweet dough. From dairy products, we exclude from the diet whole milk and fatty cheeses, cream. Meat products and fish choose also lean, not fatty varieties.

Diabetes mellitus and flour products, as well as spicy seasonings and sauces, are not indicated. Of the fruits can not dates, grapes, bananas, figs. Of course, alcoholic beverages, including beer, are excluded. Limit the use of potatoes, bread, and fats.

Permitted products

Taking into account the calorie content, it is possible to compile quite a decent diet menu for diabetes with such products:

  • Poultry meat, beef, rabbit, horse meat, game, veal;
  • lean varieties of fish, canned fish in its juice and in tomato sauce;
  • low-fat cottage cheese, skimmed milk, sour-milk drinks;
  • eggs;
  • fruit (apples, apricots, peach, strawberries, gooseberries, melons, watermelon);
  • vegetables (tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, lettuce, radish, zucchini, carrots, beets);
  • mushrooms;
  • cereals (buckwheat, barley, millet, oats, pearl barley);
  • pasta;
  • beans;
  • tea, coffee, mineral water, vegetable juices and unsweetened varieties of fruits and berries;
  • vegetable oil - in dishes, creamy unsalted and melted;
  • soups from vegetables, meat, and vegetable, beetroot, borsch, low-fat broth;
  • bread and flour products are not fancy (only 300 grams per day).

The chemical composition of the diet

The chemical composition of the diet should be balanced and give the body all the elements necessary for its vital functions. For this, 80-90 grams of proteins, including more than half of animal origin, must be included in the diet of a patient with diabetes mellitus. 70-80 grams of fats, mostly vegetable. Another 300-500 grams of carbohydrates, 12 grams of table salt and 1.5 liters of liquid. Daily caloric intake is approximately 2200 kcal. Each patient is selected individually. And this is the main rule, which must be adhered to unswervingly.

The concept of a bread unit

With dietary diabetes, it is customary to use the term - bread unit. In a day it is allowed to use from 12 to 25 of these most grain units. One such unit can equal 12 grams of carbohydrates or corresponds to 20-25 grams of bread. There are tables, in which the number of grain units in different products is painted. Units should be distributed so that their quantity in each meal is approximately the same and does not exceed 7.

Calculate them can be very simple, even at home. To do this, we need a scales, a calculator and a table XE (bread units). For example, you cook pancakes. Their composition: flour 10 spoons, one egg, water, and sugar substitute. From the finished test, ten pancakes were obtained. Bread units are only in flour, 1 unit in one spoon of a dining room. So it turns out that one pancake - 1 he.

A diabetic patient is assigned to keep a diary of food, where he will write down everything eaten for the day. This will help to make the right diet. And the diet will work to ensure that a person enjoys life to the fullest, no matter what restrictions.
Diabetes diet - rules and approved products Diabetes diet - rules and approved products Reviewed by Hana said on 5/11/2018 12:34:00 AM Rating: 5
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